Rutherford’s Experiment In May 1911, Ernest Rutherford published a paper in Philosophical Magazine. In this article,he described the motion of alpha particles as they are shot at a piece of gold foil 0.00004 cm thick. Before conducting thisexperiment, Rutherford expected that the alpha particles would shoot through the foil just as a bullet would shoot through snow. Instead, a small fraction of the alpha particles bounced off the foil. This led to the conclusion that the nu cleus of an atom is dense, while the remainder of the atom is sparse. Only the density of the nucleus could cause the alpha particles to deviate from their path. TIle figure shows a dia gram from Rutherford's paper that indicates that the de flected alpha particles follow the path of one branch of a hyperbola.(a) Find an equation of the asymptotes under this scenario.(b) If the vertex of the path of the alpha particles is 10 cm from the center of the hyperbola, find an equation thatdescribes the path of the particle.
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